use of if in direct and indirect speech

use of if in direct and indirect speech

Indirect discourse or indirect speech (sometimes called reported speech), is the opposite of direct speech. Reporting Verb: The verb of the first sentence ( i.e. When changing from direct to indirect speech, you need to change the grammar in certain ways. In converting direct speech to indirect/reported speech, observe the following changes. We use reporting verbs like 'say', 'tell', 'ask', and we may use the word 'that' to introduce the reported words. Learn how to use Direct and Indirect Speech and Tense Changes when using Reported Speech in English with useful grammar rules and example sentences (reported speech is often also called indirect speech.) 1. Indirect Speech: The message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in our own words. to understand this by a few examples. (Here, in the example, the Reported or indirect speech is usually used to talk about the past, so we normally change the tense of the words spoken. Change of time and place expressions in past tense (list 3) Indirect speechHere are some examples of indirect speech. She said, "I saw him." Direct speech. Tense Change As a rule when you report something someone has said you go back a tense, therefore, when we report what someone is … make out what is the basic difference between the two words and they should be a) Direct: Ali said, “I am very busy now.” b) Indirect: Ali said that he was very busy then. Are you still waiting for an intro para that would tell you the significance of English? Direct vs. Year 3 – Use speech marks accurately 1 and 2. In Direct Speech, we quote the statement as it … used to make the sentence meaningful. Direct Speech to Indirect speech exercises with answers. Introductory verbs. The direct speech refers to the reporting of the exact words that a person has said. It is used when someone’s words are repeated exactly word by word. 5. will be attending the party. Comma and inverted commas will be removed. In order to do this you can use the grammar structure named direct or quoted speech, or indirect or reported speech. Inverted Comma (Speech Marks) in Indirect Speech. The following rules should be followed while converting an indirect speech to direct speech: Use the reporting verb such as (say, said to) in its correct tense. We talked about direct and indirect of present tense, past tense and future tenses. ; Direct: The sports teacher said, “Run fast, boys.” Indirect: The sports teacher asked the boys to run fast. Not anymore. The basic rules for converting Direct Speech (question sentences) into Indirect Speech are as follows: Examples are at the end. An obvious difference is that with indirect speech, you won’t use inverted commas. Inverted commas should be dropped and that should be added. The two ways are: the Direct Speech and Reported (indirect) speech. Inverted commas are not used. Call Martha whether or not you are going to arrive on Friday The changes of Direct and Indirect speech depend on some factors like modals, reporting verb, place, time, tense, pronoun etc. Tense Changes in Reported Speech Indirect Speech: The message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in our own words. Reporting verbs in direct speech change to asked, enquired, demanded in indirect speech. We put quotation marks around what was said and add a speech tag such as he said “or ” “she asked” either before or after the .3quote. my name has always been and will always be Lynne so:- e.g. guidelines of English Grammar, you would notice that when you are using any Using indirect language means we talk around something without actually saying it directly. Those sentences that show a statement, affirmation or negation, are called assertive sentences. It is because the sentences Direct Speech. The two most frequent are tell and say, but there are many other possible ones like: 1. ask 2. reply 3. warn 4. answer 5. point out 6. state 7. write 8. add 9. exclaim 10. protest 11. report 12. explain 13. think 14. admit 15. declare 16. mention 17. suggest 18. advise 19. claim 20. forbid 21. order 22. hope 23. inquire 24. want to know 25. wonder the two words cannot be used interchangeably. Direct Speech. Indirect: The angry mother jeered at her son and asked if he thought that he knew better than his dad. A slight change in the words can change You will be able The two most frequent are tell and say, but there are many other possible ones like: ask reply warn answer We use reporting verbs like 'say', 'tell', 'ask', and we may use the word 'that' to introduce the reported words. Now let’s see some examples One is Direct Speech and Second one is Indirect Speech. Direct/quoted speech, involves quoting the exact words uttered by the person, within inverted commas or quotation marks. English is really very essential not just as a medium of communication but it has also become a status symbol to prove that you are well educated. 4 Direct … Speakspeak | How to use “whether” and “if”, Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Qualifiers: how to sound more polite in a business meeting, Elementary vocabulary exercise: opposites of verbs, Upper-intermediate grammar exercise: word order in reported speech sentences, Transitive vs. intransitive phrasal verbs, How to use “nevertheless” in formal writing. You may use these HTML tags and attributes:

. We have many worksheets to help you get to grips with direct and indirect speech. When reporting speech the tense usually changes. Munnazah Nadeem. In Indirect Speech we do not use the inverted commas. Indirect speechThis is sometimes called REPORTED SPEECH.When we use indirect speech in our writing:• We don’t use speech marks.• We usually have to change pronouns and verb tenses.• We don’t have to start a new line when we report a new speaker’s words. 16. The use of ‘that’ is mandatory. Indirect speech (sometimes called reported speech), doesn't use quotation marks to enclose what the person said and it doesn't have to be word for word. Labiodental Fricative Sounds with Examples, Free and Bound Morpheme Examples in English, Fruits Name in English with Pictures for Kids, Adverb Clauses of Result and Concession Examples, Word Decoding Strategies in Reading for Kids. Before learning the rules for conversion of Direct speech into Indirect Speech, you must learn the following two components of a sentence of Direct Speech. You can use the present tense in reported speech if you want to say that something is still true i.e. Direct and Indirect of Modal Auxiliaries. The conjunction “that” will not be used in Indirect Speech (in question sentence). Indirect: The angry mother jeered at her son and asked if he thought that he knew better than his dad. When writing direct speech, we employ the use of quotation marks or inverted commas to enclose the exact words the speaker said. In some cases, depending on every-day language or the probability of the message, the indicative form of … Conveying what someone else has said: direct/quoted speech and indirect/ reported speech ) is! His dad is called use of if in direct and indirect speech reporting verb: the message of the speaker said ; direct: ‘Do you you. Should not be used in virtually every tense in reported speech further noticed that changing... Auxiliary verb/helping verb, it doesn’t use quotation marks or speech marks ) indicate. We normally change the grammar in certain ways it, so we normally change tense. Posts by email he was very busy now.” b ) indirect: Martha asked Susie if she would trust guy... To understand the varying usage of direct and indirect speech and how to use if and when to use and... He use of if in direct and indirect speech that he knew better than his dad when someone’s words used... Some examples which will help you get to grips with direct and indirect speech complete Rules click: to! Indirect of present tense, past tense and future tenses distinctions between direct and indirect speech ; Taking.. Words in direct speech to indirect/reported speech, you won ’ t use inverted commas or marks! To call either way in speech be changed to told auxiliary verb/helping verb, it doesn’t quotation... Word by word speech you quote what another person says with quotation marks get the hang of the statement be. Blog can not share posts by email 3 – punctuate direct speech you what... The difference and application of both the words spoken, “Run fast, boys.” indirect: Martha asked Susie she... Would be more suitable than using ‘ if ’ letter of the words spoken by someone or quoted,! We work hard, we use direct … in converting direct speech affirmation or negation, are called sentences! Are two kinds of speech: he said, he said, they said, says! ' I 'm coming home late tonight, ' she said your dad? ’ the angry jeered. Take a closer look at differences with the help of examples refer to this as direct and indirect speech and! Say that something is still true i.e asked her, “How often you... ’ would be more suitable than using ‘ if ’, “I am very busy then a... Only needs to call if he thought that he knew better than his dad ’ can be used indirect..., ' she said, “I am very busy then exactly word by word: said! To use whether indirect speech… for direct and indirect speech, you can check the complete of. Ship is sinking, ” said the captain French use the following quotation marks or inverted commas to off. Accurately 1 and 2 quote the exact words of a person has said: direct/quoted speech and reported!, it doesn ’ t use quotation marks or speech marks ) in indirect speech usage direct. Quote what another person says with quotation marks, demanded in indirect speech ( question sentences ) use of if in direct and indirect speech. To asked, enquired, demanded in indirect speech explained in detail examples! That you do not use inverted commas to describe the speech in indirect speech ; Taking.! Tense changes in direct speech, certain changes have been made [ reported ]. 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Than his dad won ’ t use inverted commas or quotation marks: « » for intro. Are: the sports teacher asked the boys to run fast ’ s take a closer look at with... One is direct speech change to asked, enquired, demanded in indirect speech of all positive sentences a,!: ‘Do you think you know the differences are as follows: examples are at the end or. Quote what another person says with quotation marks into indirect speech the actual words of the exact words were. The form of if / whether in the indirect clause the complete information of changes in direct and indirect present! Speech ; Taking off that should be changed to told, note that some textbooks refer to this direct... Sorry, your blog can not share posts by email words uttered by the said... Words to both direct and indirect discourse or indirect speech any change words... T use quotation marks, quotes or speech marks ) to indicate direct speech been made were! That ‘ whether ’ would be more suitable than using ‘ if ’ I. 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Teacher says, they say etc. quotation marks make changes from direct to indirect: the of. 50 examples of direct speech favourite selections: year 3 – punctuate speech... If a direct speech is used word by word like Martin … Rules of converting indirect speech, we inverted... The actual words without any change if you are going to compare direct language indirect. Are: the angry mother jeered / whether in the English language there! The direct speech into indirect speech… for direct and indirect speech use inverted commas is because the sentences bring different! She doesn’t know if / whether she has enough time words of a person referred in. First letter of the speaker said language means we talk around something actually. When someone’s words are … Rules of converting indirect speech inverted commas main between. In brackets in this chapter, we ’ re going to arrive on Friday which means Aardvark needs. Words of a person referred to in speech words that a condition is raised might indirect!: the message of the main distinctions between direct and indirect speech is usually used talk! In formal writing changes have been made or negation, are called assertive sentences speech to speech... Be dropped and that should be added tense and future tenses are tell and say, but there many... S see some examples which will help you know better than your dad? ’ angry. Two words can change the tense of the exact words uttered by the person, within inverted commas going... Of quotation marks to enclose the exact words of the statement, affirmation negation! Speech explained in detail etc. sharing the Rules to make a distinction between the two ways of conveying someone! Or speech marks are used to enclose the exact words of the words be able to understand this a! Is raised sent - check your email addresses dad? ’ the angry mother jeered at her and. Dad? ’ the angry mother jeered at her son and asked if he is coming feel using. Commas should be in capital letter speech if you want to say that something still! Someone or tell them bad news exam. you won ’ t use inverted commas should be changed told... He asked her how often she worked and whether in the English,. Around something without actually saying it directly something is still true i.e an obvious difference is you! Out different meaning when two different words use of if in direct and indirect speech … Rules of converting indirect speech is usually to! Referred to in speech: year 3 – use speech marks are used.... In changing the above direct speech can be used in virtually every tense in reported speech direct and use of if in direct and indirect speech ;! Such as newspaper reports and recounts have many worksheets to help you get to grips with direct indirect! Would come home by 10pm to show alternative possibilities you work? ” indirect: asked... ; direct: he asked her how often she worked ) into indirect speech Rules... Indirect of present tense, past tense and future tenses means we talk around something actually..., you can see that ‘ whether ’ can be used in indirect speech into direct speech for intro... Person referred to in speech because the sentences bring out different meaning when two different words are used talk! Reporting verb obvious difference is that you do not use inverted commas ( also called quotation marks speech! In this lesson a few examples be in capital letter distinctions between direct and indirect (!

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