Paul continues with his customary opening thanksgiving and prayer (1:3-11). 6-8) is grounds for exaltation (vv. Genesis 35:14; Exodus 29:40; Leviticus 23:13; Numbers 15:1-12;). Themes of Philippians Chapter Two Wednesday, May 7, 2008 at 10:51PM 1 If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of love, if any fellowship of the Spirit, if any bowels and mercies, 2 Fulfil ye my joy, that ye be likeminded, having the same love, being of one accord, of one mind. And we can . The first section (2:6-8) is a single complete phrase divided into two symmetrical clauses (vv. The statements in this passage are arranged as a chiasm which represents the descent and degradation of Christ followed by his ascent and exaltation.  In direct correspondence to the dual nature of Christ, this text brings to front the components of Jesusâ nature that made him worthy of exaltation: humility and obedience. Therefore if there is any encouragement in Christ, if there is any consolation of love, if there is any, and that every tongue will confess that Jesus Christ is. Learn how your comment data is processed. First, he thanks God for their participation in the gospel (1:3-5) and expresses confidence of their continued perseverance in the faith since God is at work in their hearts (1:6-8). What gives you joy? Because of Christâs obedience and selflessness he is exalted above all. There is some debate among scholars concerning the sense of the word echarisato, translated âbestowedâ.Â Some believe the idea here is that God granted to Christ what he deserved because of his obedience while others have argued the case that the exaltation of Christ is not earned, but freely gifted to Jesus.Â Greek charizomai normally means âto give freelyâ (Luke 7:21, 42; Acts 3:14, 27:24; Romans 8:32; 1 Corinthians 2:12; Philippians 1:29).  M. Silva, Philippians (2nd ed. Check out how this “Jesus poem” maps onto the structure of a chiasm. 9-11) by treating the exaltation of Christ. The book being, in actuality, a letter addressed to a local church, it is not surprising that the attitude most emphatically enjoined is that of unity. Philippians 2:2. Rather than coming first as God and King, Jesus freely took on the form of a human being. These verses are pervaded with a sense of superlative. Chapter 2 emphasizes the theme of rejoicing during times of suffering. Its growth? Jesus is the supreme example of this way of life. 5. without fault in a warped and crooked generation.”[ a] Then you will shine among them like stars in the sky 16 as you hold firmly to the word of life. The nature Christâs humiliation is intensified through the consideration of his origins. The Theme and Structure of Philippians 235 Eadie suggests, "The transitions depend upon no logical train — as the thoughts occurred they were dictated. Its effectiveness? vv. Many times it has been twisted, turned, and rearranged as scholars have attempted to make the best sense they could of it. There is a gradual progression corresponding to the three phrases in this verse.Â Each clause clarifies the preceding clause: âHe made himself nothing [by] taking the form of a servant [by] being born in the likeness of men.âÂ That is, being born in the likeness of men meant forfeiting privileges as God the Son. (2-4) The specifics of Paul’s exhortation to the Philippians regarding love and humility among believers. Hawthorne, Philippians, (Waco: WBC, 1983), p. 90. This is quite opposite to Paulâs point in the passage. Christ is exalted above all because his faith was greater than all as demonstrated through his willingness to suffer humiliation that was beyond all. Joy is a very obvious theme in the book of Philippians, Phil 2:2 states “Fulfill ye my joy, that ye be likeminded, having the same love, being of one accord, of one mind.” We are to be full of Joy in the Lord, and have the mind of Christ. spiritual Peace » Saints » Wish, to each other. Its testimony? topics." Among exegetes, Philippians has been sort of a "Rubik's Cube" of the Pauline literature. 2. Jesus then, goes from being in the form of God to taking on the form of a man, to being exalted above all. Â Moreover, Jesus goes from being humble servant to kurios, a title reserved for Caesar. This is especially humiliating because he was divine. He was humiliated and oppressed, following the will of the Father, in …  Those who humble themselves will be exalted in the Kingdom of God. Fulfill my joy by being like-minded, having the same love, being of one accord, of one mind. Philippians 2:6-11 in its Context.  Keeping God the Father in the nominative keeps the spirit of servanthood alive.  The cursus pudorum underlines the exemplary, humble obedience of Christ and the cursus honorarum highlights Godâs response to such unwavering obedience — unparalleled exaltation. The wine itself represents joy and satisfaction (Judges 9:13; Psalm 104:15; Amos 9:13). The mandate for the wine being pure (Numbers 28:7) harmonizes with the perfection standard of all offerings. Philippians 2:1-11. Paul, Timothy, and Epaphroditus try to be good examples as well. Why does Paul make so many “if” statements in verse 1? There is a downward mobilization present in the passage and the decent begins with Jesus willfully making himself nothing although he held a position of privilege above all names. When does Paul say it is allowed to be selfish? So then, what does Philippians 2:5-8 mean? As determined by context, Paul is probably using harpagmon in describing Christâs posture.Â With this interpretation, the phrase can be translated this way, âbeing in the form of God, Christ was not one who grasps.â In other words, rather than carrying the idea that Christ is grasping at something (equality with God), rather, Christ being in the form of God is not selfish (such selfishness being manifest in the action of grasping). In addition, any relevant issues from the background of the letter will be examined. In this Philippians passage, however, Paul offers a clear Christological statement speaking of Christâs pre-existence, incarnation and deity. He is exalted by God the Father who also âbestowsâ on Christ a position of ultimate human authority (âa name that is above every nameâ). How would you define selfishness? Knowing that these things are true, what response does Paul hope they will invoke in the Philippians? 2 AN EXEGESIS OF PHILIPPIANS 2:1-11 by Christian Strauss 1 Therefore if there is any encouragement in Christ, if there is any consolation of love, if there is any fellowship of the Spirit, if any affection and compassion, 2 make my joy complete by being of the same mind, maintaining the same love, united in spirit, intent on one purpose. It is appropriate then that a superlative exaltation be paired by a superlative act of obedience and faith. Afflicted » Duty to the Communion » With God It’s likely that the only reason her husband (Elkanah) has a second wife Read more…, Psalms 74 and 75 speak to one another. Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. Philippians 2:2 (show verse) make my joy complete by being of the same mind, maintaining the same love, united in spirit, intent on one purpose. 6-7 and 8) characterized by the following patten: (1) participle phrase indicating the mode of Christâs existence; (2) the main clause indicating what Christ did in each of these modes of existence; (3) modification as to how Christ carried out what was said of him in the main verb. What does Philippians chapter 2 mean?  Cf. Both come from the beautiful description in Philippians 2:6–11 of what Christ, the pinnacle of the story of redemption, has done. Let nothing be done through selfish ambition or conceit, but in lowliness of mind let each esteem others better than himself. As the central theme of Paul’s letter to the Philippians is encouragement, Paul points to Christ as the example of the kind of life toward which the Philippian ecclesia should aim. This particular dynamic is the focus of this analysis of the text as it runs in parallel with the themes that emerged from the preceding analysis of Isaiah 52:13-53:12. They have sensed that the book has no central theme systematically developed in a logical argument throughout the epistle. Theme of following section, Philippians 2:19-30: Philippians 2:5–8 What’s the theme of your life? Adam was to represent God on earth, spreading … This verse explains in what way Jesus poured himself out: âhe made himself nothing, taking the form of a servant, being born in the likeness of men.â Thus commences the cursus pudorum. abstract an exposition of the letter to the philippians with specific application to christian women serving vocationally or voluntarily in local church ministry How did things become such a mess?  Chambers, My Utmost for His Highest, Kindle Edition. Of all eternal beings, I Am is least deserving of humiliation – but as the I Am, He is willing to be humiliated for the sake of others. 8. 9-11).Â The structure of the passage can be understood this way: v. 6.Â This verse, beginning with the masculine nominative singular relative pronoun, flows from the preceding verse that exhorts the Philippians to have âthe same mindâ that was in Jesus Christ. Similarly, there are times Read more…. Discussion Questions 1. Scholars who interpret Phil 2:6-11 as an early Christian hymn point out that it contains a rich vocabulary, a number of poetic elements (e.g., parallelism, paradox, climax), and that, … "Since the early days of historical … Summary and Application The purpose of this paper has been to perform a thorough exegetical analysis of Philippians 2:1-11. Introduction. 3. The Frequency of Paul’s Thanksgiving for the Philippians (1:3) 2. Jesus, even in exaltation and in maintaining position of authority and power, maintains his posture of servanthood to God the Father. Moreover, even if Christâs exaltation is granted out of merit, it is certain that the desire of exaltation does not motivate his actions. For indeed he was sick to the point of death, but God had mercy on him, and not on him only but also on me, so that I would not have sorrow upon sorrow. 10-11.Â These verses further expound the details of Christâs cursus honorum by highlighting exactly to what degree Christ is exalted: â…so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Fatherâ. If we look for repetition, we can find a chiasm in Philippians 2:6-11 that tells the story of Jesus’ life, death, and resurrection in a poetic format. What gave Paul joy? heavenly realm, terrestrial realm, and underworld). Ed., Exploring Kenotic Christology: The Self-Emptying of God (Vancouver: Regent College Publishing), 2006. Here are my notes on the… As Paul presents Christ as the example of Christian behavior, the central theological theme of the section is the obedient nature of Christ that results in superlative exaltation. We are studying Philippians 2:1-11 for Sunday, January 27. He undergoes a complete reversal of position, all because of his willingness to obey âto the glory of Godâ (emphasis mine). But I thought it necessary to send to you. Many biblical passages bear this out (See John 1:1-3, 14; Colossians 1:15-20, Hebrews 1:3, John 8:58, John 10:30, John 14:8-11, Mark 2:1-7). Philippians 2:5-11. Centrally represented is the character of Jesus who willingly (and as we will see later, obediently) forfeits the highest of privileges for the sake of obedience. First, take a look at the passage with me, and also, I will examine verses 10-11. 6-8 – faithful obedience resulting in a humiliating death (vv. Philippians 2:12. Bauer and Danker (ed.) Greek-English Lexicon (2000), p. 1034.  The terms cursus pudorum and cursus honorum are borrowed from CornÃ© Bekkerâs article, âSharing the Incarnation: Towards a Model of Mimetic Christological Leadershipâ, (Virginia Beach: Regent University Servant Leadership Roundtable, 2008).  ÎºÎµÎ½ÏÏÎ¹Ï typically means to empty or make void (Romans 4:14, 1 Corinthians 1:17).Â Walter Bauer and Frederick William Danker (ed. Many scholars believe that in Phil 2:6-11 Paul quotes an early Christian hymn describing Christ’s incarnation and subsequent exaltation [as Lord]. For many of us, it can change based on our circumstances. Scriptural Context – Philippians. The Chiasm in Philippians 2. First, Paul gives Christ's own example of humility (Philippians 2:1–11). It introduces the section with establishing Christâs initial divine mode.Â Orienting the whole of v. 6 is the central point that Jesus âdid not count equality with God a thing to be graspedâ.Â Greek for âgraspâ here is harpagmon. What is a summary of his goal for them in verse 2? Believers were to look out for the interests of others, as well as their own (Philippians 2:4). Now there is in store for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, will award to me on that day—and not only to me, but also to all who have longed for his appearing. This is one of the most widely analyzed texts in Christian Scripture, probably because of its significance for foundational Christian theology – the doctrines of the Trinity and Christology – as well as for the life of the Christian community. 9 Therefore, God highly exalted him and granted him a name above all names in order that at the name of Jesus every knee bow confess in heaven and on earth and under the earth 11 and every tongue confess that the Lord is Jesus Christ, to the glory of God the Father. ; Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2003), pp.288-98), Â and is probably best translated âshould bowâ.Â There are some objections to this translation over âwill bowâ because âshould bowâ neglects the eschatological dimension of Christâs authority in heaven and on earth.Â Translating kampto âshould bowâ, rather than âwill bowâ, could infer that submission to Jesus is an option.Â While there is no doubt that Jesus had a reject-able ministry, it is also certain that all will be judged by him in the final judgment.Â The question is, what is Paulâs emphasis of this passage, eschatology, or demonstrating the Fatherâs response to obedient living in the Kingdom?Â Because the context of the passage emphasizes the latter, the literal translation of âshould bowâ, I believe, is most appropriate here. So Christ, in his divine, and therefore selfless mode, was willing to be poured out — thus proving that the divine mindset (others-centric) is in contrast to the human mindset (egocentric). Was Philippians 2:6-11 an early Christian hymn? Fee writes, âhis [Paul] primary concern in the passage is to illustrate the kind of selflessness and humility referred to in v. 3.â Philippians 2:6-11 then, functions within the greater book to portray Christâs self-giving nature as the rubric for Christian living.Â This being the case, âby anyoneâs reckoning, 2:6-11constitutes the single most significant block of material in Philippians.â, Exegetical-Theological Analysis of Philippians 2:6-11. As is seen through the passage, the entire purpose of Christâs exaltation is because of his humble obedience. 9-11) lacks some of the poetic dimension of the first, but still maintains a structural similarity to vv. In Psalm 74 we hear a desperate cry for help. Paul wrote to the Philippians from prison. Â This division is prompted by a pivot that transitions from the cursus pudorum (course of ignominies; vv. Every point of the passage serves to accentuate the obedience of Christ that is to be an example for the ecclesial community. First, Jesus Christ is the second Adam, the perfect human. Philippians 2 (King James Version) 1 If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of love, if any fellowship of the Spirit, if any bowels and mercies, 2 Fulfil ye my joy, that ye be likeminded, having the same love, being of one accord, of one mind. Theme of passage under study, Philippians 2:12-18: [Works through Faith: For it is not works that bring us to salvation, but faith, whereby God may work in and through us.] Theme. Purpose. He who is selfless merits praise (which he will receive), not humiliation. A second recurring theme of Philippians is that of attitude or mentality. More specifically, this passage brings clarity to the enigmatic nature of the dual nature of Christ. First Samuel 1 tells the story of Hannah, who is ridiculed by her husband’s other wife (Peninah) because she can’t have children. Either way, what we do know is that Godâs response to those who humble themselves in obedience is exaltation. I want to remind you of the true meaning of Christmas and what it _____about the God that created us. 9-11). Subject/Complement: Paul’s thanksgiving and prayer for the Philippians was directed toward the development of the Philippians’ mutual love and growth in righteousness so that their lives might be to the glory and praise of God. 1-4), contains a twofold exhortation to unity and humility… As the central theme of Paulâs letter to the Philippians is encouragement, Paul points to Christ as the example of the kind of life toward which the Philippian ecclesia should aim.Â Following the example of Christ should result in the edification and encouragement of the ecclesial body in Philippi. Exegetical Study of Philippians 2:1-11 The purpose of this paper is to perform a thorough exegetical analysis of Philippians 2:1-11. With this is the sense of joy and satisfaction in Christâs kenotic posture â likely the satisfaction and joy that comes with perfect obedience. 4. v. 7. 6-8 in the sense that it is one complete phrase made up of three clauses (one clause per verse).  Fee, Paulâs Letter to the Philippians (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1995), p. 39 (Kindle Edition).  One item needing special attention in verse 10 is the use of kampto (âbowâ).Â The verb is in subjunctive form (William D. Mounce, Basics of Biblical Greek Grammar (2nd ed. And then I will be able to boast on the day of Christ that I did not run  Cf. How do divisions affect a church? Moule The Epistle to the Philippians, (Cambridge: CBSC, 1923). Introduction. A Jesus' Glory as God. There is no domain of existence outside of the authority of Jesus Christ. The theme of Philippians is _____ in all circumstances While there is no doubt that Christ is at the center of Paulâs theology, it is not often that he makes a direct declaration concerning the nature of the person of Christ. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Being selfless meant becoming nothing. 2 Timothy 4:6-8 (NIV) In Philippians 17b-18, Paul picks up the theme of joy again and urges mutual rejoicing even in the face of death.  Ï ÏÎµÏÏ ÏÎ¿Ï here is a superlative exaltation. An Exegetical-Theological Analysis of Philippians 2:6-11. First, it is one of Paulâs most direct Christological declarations. Yet Paul tells us here in Philippians 2 in relation to Jesus’ divinity that he emptied himself to … In Genesis 1–2 God formed Adam out of the dust of the ground and created him in his own image and likeness (Gen. 1:26–28). ; Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2005), p. 108. 6-8 by outlining the effects of vv. Paul and Timothy greet the saints together with their leaders at Philippi (1:1-2). The epistle instructs the believer concerning his inner life—the world of his feelings, thoughts, and dispositions. American _____ has turned Christmas from a holiday into a day of stressful obligation.  H.C.G. In order to accomplish this purpose, the basic contents of the passage will be surveyed. Therefore I have sent him all the more eagerly so that when you see him again you may rejoice and I may be less concerned about you. You too, I urge you, rejoice in the same way and share your joy with me. Theme of preceding section, Philippians 2:1-11: [Service in humility: The master is sent to serve God’s people.]  There is an inherent correspondence, then, between the nature of God and a willingness to be poured out. Philippians 2:6-11 has also undergone thorough scholarly treatment for a number of reasons. Then he prays that they will grow in a discerning love (perhaps as a foreshadowing of his discussion of the opponents in chapter 3) (1… This is the only appearance of this word in the New Testament, rarely found in comparative Greek literature, and therefore challenging to interpret. Perfect man. Wherefore, my beloved This is an inference from the instance and example of Christ; that since he, who was God over all, blessed for ever, made himself so low in human nature, in which he is now so highly exalted, having done the work and business he came about with such condescension, humility, and meekness; therefore it becomes those who profess to … Jesus is indeed God. 6 who, although in the form of God existed, did not count equality with God something to be grasping at, 7 but emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, in becoming as the likeness of man, 8 and being found in the figure of man, he brought himself low becoming obedient to death, even death on a cross. Following the example of Christ should result in the edification and encouragement of the ecclesial body in Philippi.  My translation of this passage tends to sound a bit wooden in English.Â This is because I did my very best to preserve the syntax of the Greek without fully compromising proper English. Paul is specifically underlining that Christ is not one who grasps, but rather he is one who is obedient in all circumstances.Â Supporting this concept is the reality that God is the subject of verse 9, not Jesus. It is probable that Paul has in mind the symbol of drink offering here with his kenotic language.Â The drink offering came always as an accompaniment with another offering (e.g.
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