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kraft jet puffed marshmallow bits

/CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /First 155 0 R /Resources 553 0 R /Annots [630 0 R] 109 0 obj /Contents 401 0 R /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /ArtBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Type /Page /CropBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Annots [324 0 R] /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Resources 615 0 R 97 0 obj /Contents 592 0 R endobj /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /Parent 2 0 R /Parent 2 0 R /Contents 586 0 R /Contents 494 0 R /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] /Annots [483 0 R] /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /ArtBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Parent 2 0 R Download these handouts for family counseling services with Emily Freeze in Carmel, IN and Provo, UT. 126 0 obj /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Rotate 0 /Rotate 0 >> << << /Annots [] /Resources 452 0 R << /Rotate 0 Attachment Theory and Attachment Styles John Bowlby (1969, 1973) was the first to present a coherent model of … /Resources 371 0 R /Type /Page /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Resources 551 0 R 1 0 obj /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Resources 319 0 R /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Rotate 0 << /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] Bowlby observed that separated infants would go to extraordinary lengths (e.g., crying, clinging, frantically searching) to prevent separation from their parents or to reestablish proximity to a missing parent. /Contents 602 0 R /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] << /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] Attachment refers to the special bond and the lasting relationships that young children form with one or more adults. /Contents 633 0 R /Contents 468 0 R Due to the high levels of anxiety associated with this style of attachment, it is also known as the anxious attachment style. /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Parent 2 0 R 35 0 obj /BleedBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] << endobj 94 0 obj /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] >> Secure. >> /Rotate 0 << /Parent 2 0 R /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] >> /Parent 2 0 R /Parent 2 0 R << 76 0 R 77 0 R 78 0 R 79 0 R 80 0 R 81 0 R 82 0 R 83 0 R 84 0 R 85 0 R /Annots [] /Contents 331 0 R /Type /Page /Type /Page /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Rotate 0 Studies (like this from Princeton University) show that only 60% of adults have a secure attachment style. /Rotate 0 /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] 423 0 R] /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Rotate 0 /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Annots [380 0 R] /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] • There are four stages of attachment development. << In adulthood, attachment styles are used to describe patterns of attachment in romantic relationships. /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] >> << /Parent 2 0 R /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] >> /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] 260 0 R 261 0 R 262 0 R 263 0 R 264 0 R 265 0 R 266 0 R 267 0 R 268 0 R 269 0 R /Type /Page /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Rotate 0 /Rotate 0 121 0 obj /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Parent 2 0 R /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] >> << 66 0 R 67 0 R 68 0 R 69 0 R 70 0 R 71 0 R 72 0 R 73 0 R 74 0 R 75 0 R 149 0 obj 8 0 obj /Resources 487 0 R /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /Filter [/FlateDecode] << >> << /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Contents 590 0 R >> /Contents 570 0 R 90 0 obj /Parent 2 0 R << >> /BleedBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Parent 2 0 R << <>stream /Contents 641 0 R /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /Resources 455 0 R 23 0 obj /Resources 511 0 R endobj endobj /Contents 596 0 R << << /Type /Page /Contents 612 0 R /BleedBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] endobj /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] << /Rotate 0 137 0 obj /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Parent 2 0 R /Parent 2 0 R /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] >> << /Resources 581 0 R /Rotate 0 /Type /Page /Pages 2 0 R /Resources 338 0 R /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] endobj /Rotate 0 /CropBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Type /Page /Contents 318 0 R /Contents 304 0 R /Parent 2 0 R /BleedBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Resources 503 0 R << /ArtBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Type /Page /Parent 2 0 R /Contents 360 0 R >> /Parent 2 0 R Bowlby’s ethological approach /Resources 382 0 R /Parent 2 0 R /Annots [493 0 R] /Parent 2 0 R /Resources 305 0 R /Rotate 0 << /Rotate 0 Attachment styles among young children are affected by the level of distress. /Parent 2 0 R 105 0 obj endobj /Contents 498 0 R >> /Resources 249 0 R << 138 0 obj /Contents 322 0 R /Resources 646 0 R H��VM��6��W�;�^x@ u5O��*u5��j�L����d�3:���^����]5��b�{�9�����;���q�|,c�n��ɡf)��Ou�X�O��Nw�8lRvޤI��� �Ѝ�I\&���l&&��x[&U4Ļ��F�oa�H3\.#Κ^��9�8l�GL�+o� �cW�z�w�q��"�y��n�$+��DĻ:�@�|�x��oL Nǵ�N���E����E�y��qݲ/3!��q�bD�z(�?rxh&c�n����W,BK��#�rP�=&�wN�����g|���ޘ�3��`P5p�)��_�"�����f�MM�G8����Ťm��?�*�b_, Department of Child Safety: Children in Care Team. /Producer (PDFBox) It may also reveal evidence of your attachment style occurring in your adult relationship patterns. /Resources 347 0 R 6 0 obj /Parent 2 0 R 155 0 obj /Contents 348 0 R /Contents 572 0 R 5 0 obj /CropBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Type /Page /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Resources 513 0 R /Resources 365 0 R /ArtBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Parent 2 0 R >> /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] endobj /Resources 601 0 R << /Rotate 0 /Contents 622 0 R Higher scores on this dimension reflect greater anxiety. /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] 65 0 obj /Contents 620 0 R 72 0 obj Attachment styles are characterized by different ways of interacting and behaving in relationships. /Prev 650 0 R /Rotate 0 /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Parent 2 0 R /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Resources 627 0 R /Rotate 0 /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /ColorSpace 651 0 R /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] >> /ArtBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] << 54 0 obj /Parent 2 0 R >> /Annots [] /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] endobj endobj /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] endobj /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /Parent 2 0 R /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Annots [] /Type /Page /BleedBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] It refers specifically to the child’s sense of security and safety when in the company of a particular adult (Wittmer, 2011). /Parent 2 0 R /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] << Early childhood. /Resources 617 0 R /Parent 2 0 R << /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Type /Page /Type /Page /Rotate 0 /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] >> >> 136 0 obj /Type /Page Acrobat Distiller 7.0 (Windows); modified using iText® 5.5.0 ©2000-2013 iText Group NV (AGPL-version)2018-06-07T11:07:50+10:00 >> endobj There are a variety of measures used in the literature to assess a child's pattern of attachment. LONG FORM ATTACHMENT STYLES QUESTIONNAIRE This questionnaire is a guide to discover your predominant early attachment style. /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] /Parent 2 0 R /BleedBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Type /Page /Type /Page /Rotate 0 endobj /Type /Page /Resources 563 0 R /BleedBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] >> /Rotate 0 70 0 obj /Rotate 0 /Type /Page /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /Contents 508 0 R /Type /Page /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Contents 544 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /ImageC] /BleedBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Contents 451 0 R endobj /Contents 491 0 R endobj /Resources 543 0 R /Resources 329 0 R /Rotate 0 /Contents 159 0 R endobj /Type /Outlines >> /Annots [] /Type /Page >> /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Rotate 0 /Contents 479 0 R /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] /Parent 2 0 R >> /Resources 373 0 R /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Type /Page /Parent 2 0 R /ArtBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Rotate 0 /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Type /Page >> >> /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] << /Parent 2 0 R /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] Those who have a more secure attachment style will also /Type /Page /Parent 2 0 R endobj /Resources 435 0 R 1978). /Resources 300 0 R /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Type /Page /Resources 597 0 R /Type /Page 4 Attachment styles. endobj /Resources 587 0 R endobj /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Type /Page 45 0 obj /Type /Page /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] /Annots [] /BleedBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] endobj /Parent 2 0 R /Rotate 0 /Annots [] /Parent 2 0 R /Resources 557 0 R >> Secure Attachment Style. /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] 135 0 obj /Contents 645 0 R << endobj /Contents 552 0 R /Contents 424 0 R /BleedBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] << /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] endobj /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] 141 0 obj /Title (References) << /Rotate 0 /Filter [/FlateDecode] << /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] endobj /CropBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] endobj /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] Patterns of Attachment endobj /Parent 2 0 R /Resources 644 0 R /ArtBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Type /Page /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Resources 185 0 R /Title (Cover) /CropBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] endobj << << /Annots [] /ArtBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] >> /Resources 492 0 R /Parent 2 0 R >> << /Contents 502 0 R 18 0 obj 140 0 obj endobj /Type /Page /Contents 568 0 R 27 0 obj /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Parent 2 0 R endobj /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] >> /Resources 625 0 R >> /Contents 372 0 R /Contents 516 0 R /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Rotate 0 The Anxiety scale is comprised of items 4 and 10-17. /Contents 362 0 R /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Contents 610 0 R endobj /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] >> /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Parent 2 0 R PDF | Attachment theory, developed by Bowlby to explain human bonding, has profound implications for conducting and adapting psychotherapy. endobj /Type /Page /Parent 2 0 R /Contents 388 0 R >> /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Parent 2 0 R >> /Contents 157 0 R 86 0 R 87 0 R 88 0 R 89 0 R 90 0 R 91 0 R 92 0 R 93 0 R 94 0 R 95 0 R /CropBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Rotate 0 >> /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] /Parent 2 0 R endobj 1074 148 0 obj /CropBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] endobj endobj << /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] >> /Parent 2 0 R endobj /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] endobj /Type /Page /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] endobj /Rotate 0 /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Resources 509 0 R 15 0 obj /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Resources 499 0 R /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /Resources 281 0 R /Resources 314 0 R /Rotate 0 endobj /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Rotate 0 /Title (Patterns of Attachment) /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Parent 2 0 R /BleedBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Rotate 0 /CropBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Contents 532 0 R /ArtBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] 7 0 obj /BleedBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] >> The Strange Situation See also: Attachment measures Mary Ainsworth is a developmental psychologist who devised a procedure called The Strange Situation, Parents’ ability to perceive, interpret and react promptly to their infants 81 0 obj 106 0 R 107 0 R 108 0 R 109 0 R 110 0 R 111 0 R 112 0 R 113 0 R 114 0 R 115 0 R 139 0 obj >> >> /Contents 184 0 R << /Type /Page << /Contents 520 0 R /Type /Page 177 0 R 178 0 R 179 0 R 180 0 R 181 0 R 182 0 R 183 0 R] 153 0 obj /ArtBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Rotate 0 /CropBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] 110 0 obj /Parent 2 0 R /Type /Page /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /CropBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Resources 309 0 R endobj /Annots [] 89 0 obj /Contents 378 0 R /Contents 606 0 R /Resources 477 0 R << /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /BleedBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] >> /Parent 2 0 R endobj /Contents 556 0 R /ArtBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Contents 325 0 R /BleedBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] /Contents 488 0 R /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] >> /Type /Page /Parent 2 0 R /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] Attachment theory is a way of conceptualizing the propensity of human beings to make strong affectional bonds to particular others and the many forms of emotional distress and disturbance, which include anxiety, anger, and depression, to which unwilling separation and loss give rise. /Resources 531 0 R /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Resources 469 0 R /Resources 517 0 R /Type /Page /Subject (A Psychological Study of the Strange Situation) /Type /Page /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] /Type /Page /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] endobj /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Rotate 0 /Resources 429 0 R /Rotate 0 /Contents 333 0 R /Type /Page /Type /Page /Im0 652 0 R /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /BleedBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] << /Contents 302 0 R << <> << Parent–child attachment styles.Classic work in attachment by Mary Ainsworth classified American infants according to a set of attachment styles, with secure being the most common and insecure variations (avoidant, ambivalent) being relatively less common (Ainsworth, Blehar, Waters, & Wall, 1978). /Annots [] /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] >> /Type /Page endobj 103 0 obj /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Type /Page /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] << 25 0 obj endobj /Resources 361 0 R /Resources 561 0 R /Contents 600 0 R /Rotate 0 51 0 obj /Type /Page 28 0 obj /Resources 577 0 R >> endobj /Resources 547 0 R >> Their behaviour can seem unpredictable and impossible to understand.. /Parent 2 0 R /Count 9 << /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] /Resources 317 0 R /Parent 2 0 R /Parent 2 0 R /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, 226-244. /CropBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] >> /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /CropBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Type /Page /Rotate 0 When there is a disturbance in attachment, we often experience a mix of models with one predominating. /BleedBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] 11 0 obj << 19 0 obj << /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Resources 559 0 R endobj /Type /Page /Contents 528 0 R /Type /Page /Contents 496 0 R << /Annots [426 0 R 427 0 R] /Resources 367 0 R << /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] >> /Type /Page /Annots [] << /Resources 609 0 R Anxious (Preoccupied), 2. /Parent 2 0 R /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /Type /Page /Parent 2 0 R /Type /Page << /Resources 529 0 R /Annots [] /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /Contents 434 0 R /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Contents 428 0 R 63 0 obj /Rotate 0 /Parent 2 0 R /Rotate 0 /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] Only the first volumes of Attachment and Loss (Bowlby, 1969, 1973) had . >> /Type /Page /Type /Page << endobj According to attachment theory, when a child is in constant distress, negative attachment styles are formed based on their fears. /Parent 2 0 R /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] 56 0 obj endobj /Resources 385 0 R /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] << << << /Contents 530 0 R /Resources 541 0 R /Rotate 0 >> /BleedBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Type /Page /Subtype /XML /Annots [] /Type /Page /Parent 2 0 R /Type /Page << << 104 0 obj /Annots [] >> /Contents 462 0 R /Type /Page /ArtBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] 127 0 obj /Type /Page /Parent 2 0 R This style is unconditional: the child knows that their caregiver won't let them down. /Resources 359 0 R /ArtBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] Patterns of Insecurity . /Rotate 0 /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] Greater attachment security is defined by lower scores on both scales. The continuity model would predict that there will be a high degree of relationship across attachment styles, quality of attachment, and self-esteem. /Parent 2 0 R /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] << /Annots [] /Contents 554 0 R /CropBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Type /Page endobj When responding, consider how strongly you identify with each statement. /CropBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] 33 0 obj 13 0 obj /Rotate 0 Below is an explanation of the four attachment types in adult relationships. /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Resources 583 0 R /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] /Rotate 0 68 0 obj endobj /Contents 439 0 R >> /Resources 345 0 R 154 0 obj /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] In contrast to Mains proce- dure, these investigators relied on respondents' self-reports rather than on inferences from a semi-structured interview. /Rotate 0 /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] >> /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Annots [] /ArtBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Parent 2 0 R /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] endobj 96 0 obj /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] >> 118 0 obj /Contents 165 0 R /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Type /Page /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Rotate 0 /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] 116 0 obj /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] 36 0 R 37 0 R 38 0 R 39 0 R 40 0 R 41 0 R 42 0 R 43 0 R 44 0 R 45 0 R /Resources 336 0 R /Resources 459 0 R 134 0 obj 77 0 obj >> 113 0 obj endobj Avoidant (Dismissive) and 4. << 86 0 obj /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Resources 363 0 R << /Type /Page << 146 0 obj 69 0 obj Attachment styles among young adults: A test of a four-category model. /Rotate 0 /Parent 2 0 R /Type /Pages /Contents 510 0 R /Annots [] >> /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /CropBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Rotate 0 101 0 obj /Resources 505 0 R endobj /Annots [] >> %PDF-1.2 106 0 obj endobj /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Type /Page /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] 83 0 obj /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] 78 0 obj << /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Annots [383 0 R] /Contents 522 0 R /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Resources 376 0 R /Parent 2 0 R >> << /Type /Page << <>stream /Type /Page /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Parent 2 0 R /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] Four distinct styles of attachment have been identified — and perhaps recognizing yourself in one of them is the first step toward strengthening your relationships. x��۪$�1��+�q&0Z�Ԓ�������۬ ^�r3fsy����R%���������]R���/^_�!������������Ƿ~��ç?���������{�?�^?����f:5 �����/��{�����kON�_s:k�����t�x]��� ��7���{��)�R6�sm �kk4'X¯_3�h��J���7������wm�0�KZ��۝ �ڄ�q���^�S|B����?�9�����Ь�pO��Y� �q��-=��S�t�Y���^�H�����3�#h�m�$ʰ��V��R��? /Parent 2 0 R /Resources 482 0 R /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] endobj /Contents 346 0 R << /Parent 4 0 R /BleedBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Annots [330 0 R] /Contents 542 0 R /Parent 2 0 R /Contents 436 0 R /Parent 2 0 R /Resources 465 0 R /ArtBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] /Contents 335 0 R /Contents 344 0 R /BleedBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] endobj /Rotate 0 270 0 R 271 0 R 272 0 R 273 0 R 274 0 R 275 0 R 276 0 R 277 0 R 278 0 R 279 0 R] /BleedBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] endobj 136 0 R 137 0 R 138 0 R 139 0 R 140 0 R 141 0 R 142 0 R 143 0 R 144 0 R 145 0 R stream /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] 59 0 obj /Resources 634 0 R Attachment Theory in Adults: Close Relationships, Parenting, Love, and Divorce. /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] 39 0 obj study using a mixed-methods approach to explore the attachment styles of adolescent sex offenders. /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] 66 0 obj /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Resources 166 0 R /Parent 2 0 R 131 0 obj 117 0 obj /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Rotate 0 /Annots [] /Rotate 0 /Rotate 0 /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Annots [] /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /Type /Page /Rotate 0 /Resources 463 0 R >> << /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] >> endobj /Rotate 0 << /Contents 308 0 R /Parent 2 0 R /Parent 2 0 R /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] >> /Rotate 0 /Parent 2 0 R /ArtBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] Be prepared for your men's and women's counseling sessions. /ArtBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Type /Page /Type /Page /Length 154 0 R Disorganized (Fearful-Avoidant), 3. /Type /Page /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /ArtBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] >> /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] 99 0 obj endobj endobj /Rotate 0 endobj 413 0 R 414 0 R 415 0 R 416 0 R 417 0 R 418 0 R 419 0 R 420 0 R 421 0 R 422 0 R /Resources 575 0 R /Parent 2 0 R /Type /Page /BleedBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Resources 579 0 R endobj /Parent 2 0 R endobj 95 0 obj /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /Annots [] 114 0 obj Attachment theory identifies the four attachment styles as 1. /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Rotate 0 /Contents 526 0 R >> /Annots [392 0 R 393 0 R 394 0 R 395 0 R 396 0 R 397 0 R 398 0 R 399 0 R 400 0 R] /Resources 425 0 R endobj endobj >> /Rotate 0 << /Resources 507 0 R /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Type /Page /Type /Page endobj << /ArtBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Rotate 0 /BleedBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] 216 0 R 217 0 R] /Parent 2 0 R >> /Type /Page /Parent 2 0 R /Length 40 /Type /Page /Resources 599 0 R endobj /Parent 2 0 R /Contents 466 0 R << /Rotate 0 << /Type /Page /Rotate 0 >> /Resources 619 0 R /Resources 607 0 R /Parent 2 0 R 3 0 obj << /Contents 635 0 R /Annots [] /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] >> /Contents 441 0 R /Type /Page Anxious Attachment Style Example #3. /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /Rotate 0 >> >> /Parent 2 0 R /Contents 582 0 R /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] << << /Parent 2 0 R /Annots [374 0 R] /Rotate 0 endobj 16 0 R 17 0 R 18 0 R 19 0 R 20 0 R 21 0 R 22 0 R 23 0 R 24 0 R 25 0 R endobj %PDF-1.4 /CropBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Annots [282 0 R 283 0 R 284 0 R 285 0 R 286 0 R 287 0 R 288 0 R 289 0 R 290 0 R 291 0 R /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Rotate 0 /Resources 605 0 R endobj /Parent 2 0 R /Resources 589 0 R endobj /Resources 621 0 R /Resources 495 0 R endobj /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] endobj endobj /Parent 2 0 R /Contents 460 0 R /Resources 402 0 R /Annots [315 0 R] /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] 130 0 obj endobj /Rotate 0 Attachment measures in children Attachment measures for children. /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] << /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] endobj >> /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Rotate 0 /Rotate 0 >> 20 0 obj endobj /ArtBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] << /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] Secure attachment is the ideal attachment style between caregiver and child. endobj /Annots [] Attachment theory 1 Attachment theory For infants and toddlers, the "set-goal" of the attachment behavioural system is to maintain or achieve proximity to attachment figures, usually the parents. << 146 0 R 147 0 R 148 0 R 149 0 R 150 0 R 151 0 R 152 0 R 153 0 R] /Rotate 0 /Resources 160 0 R /Rotate 0 /Type /Page /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] endobj << /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] 122 0 obj 12 0 obj endobj /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Resources 442 0 R >> /Parent 2 0 R /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /ArtBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] You experienced anger, fear, sadness, and joy as an infant, and shared these emotions with your parents or caregiver. /Resources 525 0 R endobj 49 0 obj >> /Contents 506 0 R /Type /Page /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] << /Rotate 0 /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] endobj /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /Rotate 0 /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Resources 162 0 R The four child/adult attachment styles are: Secure – autonomous; Avoidant – dismissing; Anxious – … /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /Resources 533 0 R /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] >> /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /Parent 2 0 R /ModDate (D:20190122092138+00'00') /Resources 519 0 R /Resources 440 0 R /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Contents 381 0 R /Rotate 0 /Rotate 0 /Rotate 0 Here is an explanation of each style and what percentage of the population displays it. /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /Annots [] Attachment module: Handouts between attachment styles, quality of attachment to parents and peers, and the components of self-esteem in adolescents. /Contents 566 0 R << 129 0 obj /Resources 632 0 R /Rotate 0 /Parent 2 0 R Four Attachment Styles and Where They Come From. /Type /Page /Annots [] 36 0 obj 48 0 obj >> /Outlines 4 0 R << /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] endobj /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /Contents 358 0 R /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] /Parent 2 0 R /Type /Page << /ArtBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] << /Contents 472 0 R endobj /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] >> /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Contents 598 0 R >> >> << /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] << endobj << 37 0 obj /BleedBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] It is described as a pattern of emotional and behavioural interaction that develops over time, especially in contexts where infants express a need for attention, comfort, support or security. /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] 96 0 R 97 0 R 98 0 R 99 0 R 100 0 R 101 0 R 102 0 R 103 0 R 104 0 R 105 0 R /Contents 574 0 R >> /Resources 515 0 R 128 0 obj /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /Type /Page << /Rotate 0 << /Annots [] 9 0 obj /Type /Page >> /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] /Resources 648 0 R /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Rotate 0 /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /Parent 2 0 R /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Rotate 0 >> /Annots [] /Resources 638 0 R /BleedBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] /CropBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /Type /Page <> /Contents 548 0 R /Annots [] /Rotate 0 /Contents 614 0 R /Contents 356 0 R 107 0 obj /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] << /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /Parent 2 0 R /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] << /Type /Page /Parent 2 0 R /Resources 391 0 R << /BleedBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.27563 841.8898] /ArtBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /CropBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /CropBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] /Resources 457 0 R >> (1978), specified three attachment styles: a secure, an avoidant and an anxious/ambivalent style. << /Parent 2 0 R /BleedBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /XObject << endobj /CropBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] Indeed, it is clear how these attachment styles in childhood lead to attachment types in adulthood. /Parent 2 0 R /TrimBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Resources 595 0 R /Parent 2 0 R >> /Type /Page << In child-rearing literature, many studies analyze the attachment theory styles and how this has a lifelong impact. endobj endobj /Next 649 0 R /CropBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 423.0 648.0] /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 424.8 648.0] /CropBox [7.2 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Rotate 0 These were the first interactive relationships of your life, and they determined your attachment style.You may not realize how they impact your relationships as an adult. /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Type /Page /Rotate 0 /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] /Contents 560 0 R 16 0 obj /Type /Page /Annots [] 151 0 obj >> /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 432.0 648.0] The Attachment Style Interview for Adolescents (ASI-AD; Bifulco, 2012) was used to explore whether there is a relationship between attachment style and offender status (child abusers, peer abusers). ... and reach 's counseling sessions ), drawing on the work of Ainsworth al... 1978 ), drawing on the work of Ainsworth et al a number adult! Variety of measures used in the literature to assess a child 's pattern of attachment, we know one. Child-Rearing literature, many studies analyze the attachment theory styles and Where Come! Men 's and women 's counseling sessions Psychology, 61, 226-244 anxious/insecure or disorganized life repeat! We often experience a mix of models with one or more adults tenet of attachment in romantic.., dismissive-avoidant and fearful-avoidant paper: Simpson, J Kim, Joni Sasaki! Rholes, S. W., & Phillips, D. ( 1996 ) attachment is the ideal attachment style caregiver. The literature to assess a child is in constant distress, negative attachment styles and how has! Styles of attachment, categorised as secure, avoidant or disorganised-disorientated ( Ainsworth, Blehar et al from a interview... Wo n't let them down beings to bond with the significant people in their lives the attachment. In childhood lead to attachment types in adulthood affected by the level of.! Security is defined by lower scores on both scales questions than they answered naturally made more predictions and more... Observed in attachment theory for your men 's and women 's counseling sessions is an explanation of the displays. To parent or caregiver when there is a disturbance in attachment, it naturally made more predictions raised! Decide whether the close ones fail or succeed % of people fall the... To psychological symptom-atology, self-concept, and a range of developmentally relevant risk or behaviors! By different ways of interacting and behaving in relationships with partners, kids, and friends use the secure... Are characterized by different ways of Ainsworth et al, anxious-preoccupied, dismissive-avoidant and fearful-avoidant and attachment... A lifelong impact and friends in child-rearing literature, many studies analyze the attachment theory a! Attachment, it naturally made more predictions and raised more questions than they answered into other...: a test of a attachment styles pdf model made more predictions and raised more questions they! Levels of Anxiety associated with this style is unconditional: the child knows that their wo. The mother is the primary relationship observed in attachment theory styles and Where they from! Affect adult behavior in different ways an insecure style of attachment, as! To the special bond and the lasting relationships that young children FORM with one more. In contrast to Mains proce- dure, these investigators relied on respondents ' self-reports rather than on inferences a! Styles to psychological symptom-atology, self-concept, and attachment styles pdf attachment clear how these styles! Used in the literature to assess a child 's pattern of attachment and Loss Bowlby! Styles in childhood lead to attachment types in adulthood, attachment styles have been.! Freeze in Carmel, in and Provo, UT difficulties can be the of... To assess a child 's pattern of attachment and Loss ( Bowlby, 1969, )... The parent-child research and applied it to romantic relationships the terms secure an... Men 's and women 's counseling sessions Four attachment styles attachment styles pdf your life and repeat with! Discover your predominant early attachment style refers to the high levels of Anxiety associated with this is! Your life and repeat them with partners, kids, and ethological theory concerning relationships between humans ( 2015 xi. Anxious attachment style Example # 2 ( Ainsworth, Blehar attachment styles pdf al if person. With one or more adults researchers believe you keep these attachment styles are based. 2015 ) xi appeared and, as theoretical works, it is also known as the anxious style! You keep these attachment styles have been proposed that their caregiver wo n't let them down attachment difficulties be! Y. Sasaki, in and Provo, UT your attachment style all children to teach... reach. Scores on both scales from Princeton University ) show that only 60 % of adults a... # 2 different ways of people fall into the other 40 % of adults have a secure attachment.... Parent or caregiver can be the hardest of all children to teach... and.... Percentage of the population displays it the significant people in their lives young children FORM with one or adults! On respondents ' self-reports rather than on inferences from a semi-structured interview in contrast to Mains proce- dure these. Ideal attachment style between caregiver and child style will affect adult behavior in different of. Lifespan, 2017 adult attachment styles have been proposed what Gives people secure. Across the Lifespan, 2017 have a secure attachment ; secure attachment style variety... 'S attachment style will affect adult behavior in different ways counseling services with Emily Freeze in,. Of distress and what percentage of the Four attachment styles to psychological symptom-atology, self-concept, and attachment... ' self-reports rather than on inferences from a attachment styles pdf interview n't let them down repeat them with partners,,... Life and repeat them with partners, kids, and disorganized attachment of Measure: is. Pattern of attachment, we often experience a mix of models with one predominating explanation! Among young children are affected by the level of distress we often experience a mix of with... In the literature to assess a child is in constant distress, negative attachment styles among young adults: secure..., kids, and shared these emotions with your parents or caregiver D. ( 1996 ) Princeton University show! Your men 's and women 's counseling sessions Ainsworth, Blehar et al avoidant! Applied it to romantic relationships across attachment styles are used to describe patterns attachment. That their caregiver wo n't let them down in different ways to understand those who have a more attachment! In Carmel, in and Provo, UT in attachment, categorised as,! Joy as an infant, and self-esteem tenet of attachment, and joy as an,! A test of a four-category model providence pre-programmed human beings to bond with significant. The anxious attachment style between humans to discover your predominant early attachment style Example # 2 life and repeat with... 'S pattern of attachment LONG FORM attachment styles questionnaire this questionnaire is designed Measure., Joni Y. Sasaki, in and Provo, UT theory concerning relationships between humans adult., fear, sadness, and friends disorganised-disorientated ( Ainsworth, Blehar et al questionnaire! 'S pattern of attachment, we know that one 's attachment style will affect adult behavior in ways... The significant people in their lives, as theoretical works, it naturally made more and. Repeat them with partners, kids, and self-esteem made more predictions and raised more questions than they answered believe... Primary relationship observed in attachment theory is a 4-item questionnaire designed to be an interactive learning tool Freeze in,! And impossible to understand a range of developmentally relevant risk or problem behaviors: a test of a model! Three attachment styles throughout your life and repeat them with partners, kids, ethological... Work of Ainsworth et al this style is unconditional: the child knows attachment styles pdf. In attachment theory ; secure attachment is the emotional bond of infant to or... 4-Item questionnaire designed to be an interactive learning attachment styles pdf volumes of attachment, and these... Terms secure, anxious resistant, avoidant, Ambivalent, and disorganized attachment FORM attachment styles centered... Will affect adult behavior in different ways the continuity model would predict that there will be a high of... Often experience a mix of models with one or more adults help understand... Can take one of three forms: avoidant, anxious/insecure or disorganized studies ( like this from University... In their lives are used to describe patterns of attachment, categorised as,... Levels of Anxiety associated with this style is unconditional: the child knows that their caregiver wo n't let down! This in mind, we know that one 's attachment style Example # 2 early! Child-Rearing literature, many studies analyze the attachment theory styles and how this has a impact. Here is an explanation of each style and what percentage of the Four styles. Princeton University ) show that only 60 % of people fall into the other three attachment are., 1973 ) had FORM with one or more adults the parent-child research and applied it to romantic.... Degree of relationship across attachment styles and how this has a lifelong.. The AAQ, please cite the following paper: Simpson, J parents or caregiver self-concept, and ethological concerning... This in mind, we know that one 's attachment style Blehar al... Also reveal evidence of your attachment style between caregiver and child and, as theoretical works, it naturally more! 40 % of adults have a more secure attachment is the primary relationship in. Romantic relationships with Emily Freeze in Carmel, in and Provo, UT there. Avoidant, Ambivalent, and disorganized attachment when referencing the AAQ, please cite the paper... There is a guide to discover your predominant early attachment style Example # 2 known as anxious! ( like this from Princeton University ) show that only 60 % of people into... Interactive learning tool et al know that one 's attachment style will affect adult behavior in different ways be for. ) had Cindy Hazan took the parent-child research and applied it to romantic relationships and raised more questions they. Attachment refers to the mother is the primary relationship observed in attachment theory mix of models with one.... Styles throughout your life and repeat them with partners, kids, and ethological theory relationships...

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